Thursday, January 04, 2018

Mamluk dynasty in Egypt

The victory of Al- Din Baybars over the Mongols at Ayn Jlaut in 1260 saved the Muslim world from catastrophe.

His dynasty is known in Egyptian history as Mamluk. Mamluk is an Arabic term meaning “possessed” or “owned” and generally refers to military slavery.

Mamluk dynasty began in 1249 and lasted until 1517, Most of the Mamluks were men born and captured in the Black Sea, region, Turks not yet coverts to Islam or Circassians, a Caucasian tribal people.

Throughout their period damnation the Mamluks were deeply feared and respected by their neighbors because of their martial valour. During the early Mamluk dynasty the majority of the Mamluks came from Kipcak tribes; after reign of Sultan Barquq (1382-1399), recruitment focused on Circassians.

The Mamluks were decisively defeated in wars with the rising Ottomans (1485-1491, 1516-1517), who conquered Egypt in 1517, overthrowing the Mamluk sultanate.
Mamluk dynasty in Egypt
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